Cracking the AWS API Gateway Interview: Top Questions and Expert Answers

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Here are the top 10 AWS API Gateway interview questions and their answers:

  1. Q: What is AWS API Gateway?
    A: AWS API Gateway is a fully managed service that allows developers to create, publish, and manage APIs at any scale. It acts as a front door for applications to access backend services and enables API monetization, authorization, and caching.

  2. Q: How does AWS API Gateway handle traffic spikes?
    A: AWS API Gateway automatically scales to handle any amount of traffic. It can handle traffic spikes by provisioning the necessary compute resources and distributing the traffic across multiple availability zones.

  3. Q: What are the authentication and authorization mechanisms available in API Gateway?
    A: API Gateway supports various authentication mechanisms, such as AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles, Amazon Cognito, Lambda authorizers, and custom authorizers. These mechanisms enable you to control who can access your APIs and what actions they can perform.

  4. Q: Can API Gateway integrate with existing security solutions?
    A: Yes, API Gateway can integrate with existing security solutions. You can use AWS WAF (Web Application Firewall) to protect your APIs from common web exploits and attacks.

  5. Q: How can you handle CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) in API Gateway?
    A: API Gateway provides built-in support for handling CORS. You can enable CORS by adding appropriate headers to the API responses, allowing cross-origin requests from specified domains.

  6. Q: What is the difference between REST and WebSocket APIs in API Gateway?
    A: REST APIs in API Gateway follow the request-response model, where clients make HTTP requests and receive responses. WebSocket APIs, on the other hand, enable bidirectional communication between clients and servers over a persistent connection, allowing real-time data exchange.

  7. Q: Can you deploy API Gateway APIs in a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)?
    A: Yes, API Gateway can be deployed inside a VPC using the VPC Link feature. This allows you to securely access resources within your VPC, such as Lambda functions or EC2 instances, from your API Gateway.

  8. Q: How can you cache responses in API Gateway?
    A: API Gateway supports response caching at different levels: endpoint level, method level, or specific response codes. Caching responses can improve the performance of your APIs by reducing the need to execute backend operations for repeated requests.

  9. Q: Can you monitor API usage and performance in API Gateway?
    A: Yes, API Gateway provides detailed monitoring and logging capabilities. You can use Amazon CloudWatch to collect and analyze API Gateway logs, set up alarms, and gain insights into API usage, latency, errors, and other metrics.

  10. Q: What are the pricing considerations for using API Gateway?
    A: API Gateway pricing is based on factors such as the number of API calls, data transfer, and caching. It's important to consider these factors when estimating the cost of using API Gateway, along with any additional services integrated with it.

Remember, these answers are provided based on a hypothetical professional cloud developer's experience with AWS API Gateway. The actual responses may vary depending on the specific context and the organization's requirements.

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